Ottoman and Safavid Empire

Ottoman and Safavid Empire

admin / December 14, 2018

Ottomans Empire

Ottoman Empire also popularly known as Turkish Empire rose into power after the weakening of the Byzantine Empire towards the early 1300 (Ottoman.com, 2010). This empire was founded towards the year 1299 and was lead by Osman 1 a member of emirates Gazi from whom the name ottoman was coined; Osman 1 was admired as a strong and courageous ruler (Ottoman.com, 2010).

To start with, the conquest of this empire was deeply established due to utilization of great innovations and skills of ottomans military men who had high discipline level that ensured commitment to protection of ottomans interest like securing key trade roots among others.

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Additionally, this empire become more established into power due to the economical advancement which prevailed for a long time as a result of the empire conquering and taking over and dominating most of the trade routes between Europe and Asia.

The ideologies that led to retaining of power by ottomans Empire was also as a result of many people converting to the Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The state’s troops were mostly characterized by Muslim religion which became dominant and most people converted to this religion in a wave that was fueled by the ottomans empire whose mission was to convert the whole world into a Muslim religion.

Primarily, the ottomans state was in control of land titles and they gave right of ownership to land based on the ability to pay tax by the people, those who were close to the state and influential like the orthodox church were given bigger share of lands so that the state could control and manipulate them and thereby become more established in the process.

Generally, due to great ruler like Osman and Suleiman and also due to high number of descendants, the empire was strong and greatly dispersed with other members settling in neighboring countries like Hungary leading to the emperor becoming more dominant in both Turkey and Europe which is the reason that the empire was so successful.

Safavid Empire

The Safavid Empire ruled between 1500 and 1722 and became one of the most dominant dynasties in Iran; during its reign, the empire established a greater Muslim religion in Persia hence characterizing the empire with Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The dynasty was further characterized by great innovations, economic development and artistic creativity of the fine art (Shapour, 2000).

The Safavid empire became very dominant and maintained its authority due to their ability of linking power and religion; in fact this empire advocated the ideology that power was attached to religion which was the basis of the declaration that it made stating “safavid state would be twelver” which meant that, the only people who were justified to be rulers of the empire were only descendant cousins and in-laws of Muhammad (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

This doctrine became a popular religious belief because people believed that the empire leadership was secret knowledge from Muhammad to the heirs (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

The Safavid dynasty also became more established due to making of allies with other states like the Persia-Mughal force that gave enough military assistance that consequently strengthened and contributed to victory of Safavid Empire among its enemies in wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011). Additionally, the Safavid Empire mostly relied on the slaves who were fully loyal to the it by even fighting its wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

The safavid dynasty was also characterized by a great bureaucratic system which inadvertently contributed to its success especially under the rule of Shah Abbas whose regime was responsible for distributing land ownership (Shapour, 2000).

Under this ruler, the empire gave land to the people who were loyal to the state while it also distributed people to reduce chances of them opposing the state; it also relocated people so that the empire could become a strong bureaucrat with centralized administration (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

Conclusion

Based on this analysis, it is quite clear that both empires were successful and dominant due to great contribution of the military, slaves and also due to religious ideologies which they advocated. Muslim religion was the common factor that contributed to the dominance of the two major empires in this case.

Reference

Globalsecurity.org ( 2011). Safavid (1491–1722). Retrieved from
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/history-safavid.htm

Hooker, R.(1996). The ottomans. Retrieved from
http//www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/OTTOMAN/OTTOMAN1.HTM

Ottoman.com, (2010). Ottomans empire. Retrieved from,
http://www.ottomanempire.com/

Shapour, G. (2000). History of Iran. Retrieved from
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/safavids/safavids.php

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